Download CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution (Chapter-Wise PDF)
The NCERT Class 12 Chemistry solutions helps students to easily adapt the fundamental concepts.The main intent of Vidya Setu is to provide students to know how to solve chemistry questions for the coming board exams. Chemistry is not an easy subject of Science. Vidya Setu makes sure that the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions help students to correctly answer the questions with logical and methodological approach and write to the point answers. The NCERT class 12th chemistry solutions forms a base to develop the in depth understanding of the subject.
Vidya Setu has come up with the Solutions of class 12 Chemistry NCERT chapter-wise pdf download. Students can download the free NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions for each of the chapters from the links given in the table below. The NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions pdf provided by the Vidya Setu is based on the latest CBSE guidelines.
If students are planning to get a good score in the upcoming class 12th chemistry board exam, then you must definitely go through the NCERT class 12 solutions and understand the minute details from it.
The answer provided in the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions pdf is in detail and is in steps to get a better understanding of the topics as chemistry is a subject that if you are not clear with the basics, then you will be not able to solve the problems. For all the updated information regarding the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions, students must follow this page.
Download NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions Chapter Wise PDF
Vidya Setu NCERT class 12th chemistry solutions is based upon the Latest CBSE guidelines which helps students to get the in-depth and conceptual understanding of the topics. Given below is the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions in a pdf format for students to download it for free.
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 1||The Solid State|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 2||Solutions|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 3||Electrochemistry|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 4||Chemical Kinetics|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 5||Surface Chemistry|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 6||General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 7||The p-Block Elements|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 8||The d & f Block Elements|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 9||Coordination Compounds|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 10||Haloalkanes and Haloarenes|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 11||Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 12||Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 13||Amines|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 14||Biomolecules|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 15||Polymers|
|NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solution Chapter 16||Chemistry in Everyday Life|
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Wise Summary
CBSE has recommended the NCERT books for class 12 to get a better knowledge of the topics. The main reason that the solution of the book becomes more important for the exams. Below is the CBSE NCERT collusion for class 12 Chemistry chapter-wise description.
This chapter will learn about the unit cell, amorphous solids, crystalline, and imperfections in solids.
This chapter will see the solutions, properties, the concentration of the solution, Raoult’s law, abnormal molar masses, the vapor pressure of liquid solutions, and colligative properties.
In chapter3, electrochemistry, you will get to know about the electrolytic cell, Gibbs energy of cell reaction and its equilibrium constant, electrochemical, the standard potential of the cell, the Kohlrausch law, and its application.
In this chapter, you will learn the factor affecting the rate of a reaction, Pseudo first order directions, rate of a reaction, the collision theory of chemical reaction, integrated rate equation, and temperature dependence on the rate of reaction.
You will learn the adsorption concept, factors controlling the adsorption of gases and liquids, emulsions, isotherms, and catalysts and their role in the industry, gel formation, colloids, and preparation.
This chapter consists of the occurrence of metals, the thermodynamic and electrochemical principle of metallurgy, the concentration of ores, cleaning and extraction of crude metal from ores, refining process, and use of aluminum, copper, iron, and zinc.
From this chapter, you will understand the group of 15, 16 elements, allotropes of phosphorus, chlorine, sulfur, and other elements, oxides of nitrogen, oxoacids of phosphorus, simple oxides.
The topics covered in this chapter will be properties of transition elements, variations in the size of transition elements, magnetic properties, electronic configuration of elements, oxidation states, colored ions and complex compounds, ionization enthalpies, and chemical reactivity od the inner transition metals.
In chapter 9, coordination compounds it will cover Werner’s theory, nomenclature, bonding on coordination compounds, isomerism, and others.
This chapter will teach you about the IUPAC nomenclature and preparations of Haloalkanes and haloarenes, reaction mechanism, application of organometallic reactions, environmental effects of polyhalogen compounds.
The topic covered in this chapter will be the IUPAC nomenclature of phenols, alcohols, and ethers, properties and preparation of alcohols, ethers, and phenols.
In chapter 12, ketones, aldehydes, and carboxylic acids, you get to know the IUPAC nomenclature and their preparation methods, chemical reaction and physical properties, factors that affect the acidity of carboxylic acids, and the chemical reactions.
This chapter will teach you how to do the preparation, the physical properties, and the chemical reactions of the amines. With this, you will understand how to prepare the diazonium salts and the importance of the diazonium salts in the synthesis of aromatic compounds.
This chapter will teach you about what are fructose, starch, glucose. Etc., the classification of the nucleic acids, vitamins, and carbohydrates based on their structures, the difference between DNA and RNA, characteristics of biomolecules, and the role of biomolecules in the bio-system.
With this chapter, you will understand the types of polymerization, polymers, classification of polymers based on their source, mode of polymerization, commercial importance and properties, and application of polymers.
In this last chapter of chemistry in everyday life, you will get to know about the drugs and their classification, therapeutic action of drugs, drugs target interaction, chemicals in food, cleaning agents
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Exam 2021 Marks Distribution
Knowing the chapter wise marks distribution of the subject, helps students to prepare well for the exam.
|Chapter 1 The Solid State||5|
|Chapter 2 Solutions||4|
|Chapter 3 Electrochemistry||4|
|Chapter 4 Chemical Kinetics||4|
|Chapter 5 Surface Chemistry||5|
|Chapter 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements||4|
|Chapter 7 p Block Elements||3|
|Chapter 8 d and f Block Elements||7|
|Chapter 9 Coordination Compounds||3|
|Chapter 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||3|
|Chapter 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||3|
|Chapter 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids||3+2|
|Chapter 13 Amines||2+4+4|
|Chapter 14 Biomolecules||2|
|Chemistry Chapter 15 Polymers||5|
|Chapter 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life||3|
CBSE NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions- Deleted Topics
While preparing for the upcoming cbse class 12 chemistry exam, students must keep in mind what all topics have been removed from the syllabus this year 2020-21. Given below are all the deleted topics and chapters of the CBSE class 12 chemistry syllabus is given below:
|Chapter Name||List Of Deleted Topics|
|Chapter 1: Solid State||Electrical and magnetic properties. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators and n and p-type semiconductors.|
|Chapter 2: Solutions||Abnormal molecular mass, Van’t Hoff factor|
|Chapter 3: Electrochemistry||Lead accumulator, fuel cells, corrosion, law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cell- electrolytic cells and Galvanic Cells|
|Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics||Concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment), activation energy, Arrhenius equation|
|Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry||Emulsion – types of emulsions, catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts; enzyme catalysis|
|Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements||Entire chapter|
|Chapter 7: p-Block Elements||Preparation and properties of Phosphine, Sulphuric Acid: industrial process of manufacture, Oxides of Nitrogen (Structure only); Phosphorus – allotropic forms, compounds of Phosphorus: Preparation and properties of Halides and Oxo acids (elementary idea only).|
|Chapter 8: d and f Block Elements||Chemical reactivity of lanthanides, Actinides -Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanide. Preparation and properties of KMnO4 and K2Cr2O7|
|Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds||Structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological system).|
|Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||Uses and environmental effects of -dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.|
|Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers||Uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.|
|Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acid||—–NA——-|
|Chapter 13: Amines||Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry.|
|Chapter 14: Biomolecules||Oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen), importance of carbohydrates. Vitamins– classification and functions. Enzymes. Hormones – Elementary idea excluding structure.|
|Chapter 15: Polymers||Entire chapter|
|Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday life||Entire chapter|
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Exam 2021: Important Questions
Given below are some of the important questions for the upcoming chemistry board exam 2021:
|1. Give 1 example each of a molecular solid and an ionic solid.|
2. Explain the terms ‘Ferromagnetism’ and ‘Ferrimagnetism’.
3. Define isotonic solutions.
4. State Raoult’s law for the solution containing volatile components. Explain the similarity between Raoult’s law and Henry’s law.
5. State Nernst equation for the standard dry cell. Using this equation demonstrates that the voltage of a dry cell decreases with use.
6. Define corrosion. Explain the electrochemical theory of rusting of iron and write the reactions involved.
7. Explain ‘rate of a reaction’. Differentiate between average rate and instantaneous rate of a reaction.
8. Derive integrated rate equation for rate constant of a first order reaction.
9. Differentiate between lyophobic solution and lyophilic solution.
10. Define adsorption isotherm? Describe Freundlich adsorption isotherm.
11. What is the method used for the refining of copper metal?
12. State the principle behind the froth floatation process. What is the role of collectors in this process?
13. Which is a stronger reducing agent – SbH3 or BiH3? Why?
14. State reasons for the following:
(i) Oxygen is a gas but sulfur is a solid.
(ii) Oxygen acts as a powerful oxidizing agent.
(iii) BiH3 is the strongest reducing agent
amongst all the hydrides of Group 15 elements.
15. Give reasons for the following :
(i) Transition metals and many of their compounds act as good catalysts.
(ii) Transition metals generally form coloured compounds.
16. A mixed oxide of iron and chromium is fused with sodium carbonate in free access of air to form a yellow-colored compound (A). On acidification, the compound (A) forms an orange-colored compound (B), which is a strong oxidizing agent. Identify the compound (A) and (B). Write chemical reactions involved.
17. Write IUPAC name of the complex [Co(NH3)4Cl(NO2)]+.
18. Give one example in each of the following cases and discuss briefly the role of coordination compounds in
(i) extraction metallurgy of metals
(ii) analytical chemistry
19. What happens when CH3 — Br is treated with KCN?
20. Explain what happens when phenol is treated with bromine water.
21. Explain how toluene obtained from phenol.
22. Write reactions for the following conversions:
(i) Phenol to anisole
(ii) Propan-2-ol to 2-methylpropan-2-ol
(iii) Aniline to phenol
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Exam Preparation Tips
Given below are few of the preparation tips which will help students to score good marks in their chemistry board exams.
- Go through the CBSE class 12 chemistry syllabus thoroughly.
- Do not miss any chapter from the syllabus.
- Try to study daily and also try to complete the syllabus as soon as possible.
- For the fundamental understanding of each chapter go through the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions.
- Do the proper revision and solve CBSE class 12 chemistry sample papers for better understanding of the revised paper pattern.
Why Vidya Setu for NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions
Students have been benefited by practicing for class 12 in the following ways:-
- The solution is prepared in the best way that students can understand the topics better.
- You can easily use it anywhere and can also download
- Elaborate chapters explained with diagrams and illustrations.
In Chemistry, understanding the concepts is more important than the board exams and the same for competitive exams. Referring to the NCERT solution for chemistry and practicing the practical exams to secure good marks.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1.How many chapters are coming for the CBSE class 12 chemistry exams 2021?
Ans: There are total 16 chapters included for the upcoming CBSE class 12 chemistry board exam. They are as follows:
- Chapter 1: Solid State
- Chapter 2: Solutions
- Chapter 3: Electrochemistry
- Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics
- Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry
- Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
- Chapter 7: p-Block Elements
- Chapter 8: d and f Block Elements
- Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds
- Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
- Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
- Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acid
- Chapter 13: Amines
- Chapter 14: Biomolecules
- Chapter 15: Polymers
- Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday life
Q2. How will NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions help students for the exam?
Ans: NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions will help students to acquire in-depth knowledge of each topic and chapter from the syllabus. This will ultimately help students to score well in the upcoming chemistry exam 2021.
Q3. Where can students download the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions pdf of all chapters?
Ans: The NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions pdf chapter wise is available above on this page. Students can download it for free.
Q4. How to download the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions?
Ans: to download the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions from this page, click on the chapter wise link. On the above right side of the page, you will find the download button. Click on the button and the NCERT class 12 chemistry solutions pdf will be downloaded on your media.